Multiple joint pain can be caused by a variety of factors. The reasons of multiple joint pain vary depending on your age, and the causes of multiple joint pain in children differ from those in adults.
Multiple joint discomfort may be absolutely innocuous and only create transitory issues, but other causes may necessitate medical examinations and a referral to a specialist for confirmation of a diagnosis, which may include long-term therapy in some situations.
Multiple joint pain can also occur in conjunction with other health issues that are linked and require distinct treatments.
Although arthritis is not a single disorder with numerous forms, it is the most widely used phrase to describe the source of pain, swelling, and stiffness in joints.
Causes of Multiple joint pain
In most cases, the cause of pain originating inside multiple joints is arthritis. Disorders that cause arthritis may differ from each other in certain tendencies, such as the following:
- How many and which joints they usually involve
- Whether the central part of the skeleton, such as the spine or pelvis, is typically involved
- Whether arthritis is sudden (acute) or longstanding (chronic)
Acute arthritis affecting multiple joints is most often due to
- Viral infection
- The beginning of a joint disorder or a flare up of an existing chronic joint disorder (such as rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis)
- Gout or calcium pyrophosphate arthritis (previously called pseudogout)
Less common causes of acute arthritis in multiple joints include Lyme disease and gout (disorders that also may affect only one joint), gonorrhea and streptococcal bacterial infections, and reactive arthritis (arthritis that develops after an infection of the digestive or urinary tract).
Chronic arthritis affecting multiple joints is most often due to
- Inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or systemic lupus erythematosus (in adults)
- The noninflammatory disorder osteoarthritis (in adults)
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (in children)
Some chronic inflammatory disorders can affect the spine as well as the limb joints (called the peripheral joints). Some affect certain parts of the spine more frequently. For example, ankylosing spondylitis more commonly affects the lower (lumbar) part of the spine, whereas rheumatoid arthritis more typically affects the upper (cervical) part of the spine in the neck.
The most common disorders outside the joints that cause pain around the joints are
- Polymyalgia rheumatica
- Bursitis or tendinitis
Bursitis and tendinitis often result from injury, usually affecting only one joint. However, certain disorders cause bursitis or tendinitis in many joints.